Capacity for Development: New Solutions to Old Problems

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What about the verse divisions?

Bhagwad Geeta - Chanting Chapter 01 Sloka Group B verses 01 to 27

They came a lot later. Italian Dominican scholar Santi Pagnini — divided the New Testament into verses, but they were a lot longer than the ones we have today and didn't catch on.

Bible texts and references

The numbers were printed in the margins, but in he produced a Vulgate in Latin which integrated them into the text. Estienne was a learned man, but his working conditions were sometimes not ideal: on one occasion he divided the New Testament into verses as he rode from Paris to Lyons to meet a printer's deadline — in the rain. The first English Bible to use chapters and verses as we have them today was the Geneva Bible in However, it's worth saying that no matter how useful they are, they can be misleading.

They are human interpretations of the sacred text, and humans can get things wrong. One example is the story of Jesus meeting Nicodemus in John 3. The story actually begins in John , and ignoring this means we don't understand it as well as we should. Wise readers will be careful to pay attention not just to chapters and verses but what the text is actually saying.

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Similarly, one can find Dan only in Catholic and Orthodox Bibles—not in Jewish or Protestant Bibles, where the book of Daniel has only 12 chapters.


  1. Chapters and verses of the Bible - Wikipedia?
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Finally, one must take into account some slight variances in the way chapters and verses are counted in Hebrew Bibles and in their translations. A writer who points readers to Mal is therefore relying on a Hebrew Bible rather than a modern translation.

The long quest for ways to point more precisely to biblical content has led us to this book-chapter-verse system. Although it can be complex, this system lets writers and readers communicate precisely about which biblical passages are in view during any particular discussion. His scholarly work focuses on the use, influence, and impact of the book of Genesis and other narratives from the Hebrew Bible.

The Bible did not just appear in its entirety. It was written, edited, and collected by people over the centuries.

Bible – origin of chapters and verses | The Strange Side of Jewish History

It is more accurate to speak of many Bibles rather than one, as religious traditions have different views of order and canonical status. A collection of Jewish texts biblical, apocryphal, and sectarian from around the time of Christ that were preserved near the Dead Sea and rediscovered in the 20th century. Hebrew is regarded as the spoken language of ancient Israel but is largely replaced by Aramaic in the Persian period.

The set of Biblical books shared by Jews and Christians. A more neutral alternative to "Old Testament. Relating to the Masoretes, a group of medieval scribes who preserved and transmitted the written Hebrew text of the Bible. The authoritative Hebrew text of the Hebrew Bible, containing both the consonants and the vowels unlike the Dead Sea Scrolls, which have no vowels. The earliest existing copies of the Masoretic Text date to the 10th century C.


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The historical period generally spanning from the fifth century to the fifteenth century C. A collection of rabbinic interpretations of biblical law. The Mishnah records the judgments of a group of rabbis called tannaim as distinct from the amoraim, whose interpretations of the Mishnah are recorded in the Talmud. According to tradition, the Mishnah was compiled and edited by a rabbi named Judah the Prince around C. A collection of first-century Jewish and early Christian writings that, along with the Old Testament, makes up the Christian Bible.


  • Writing Rules for Quoting Scripture.
  • A History of Chapters and Verses in the Hebrew Bible?
  • Additional questions based on Gonzalo's answer:;
  • Of or belonging to any of several branches of Christianity, especially from Eastern Europe and the Middle East, whose adherents trace their tradition back to the earliest Christian communities. Lowercase "orthodox" , this term means conforming with the dominant, sanctioned ideas or belief system. View more.

    The book of revelation explained verse by verse pdf

    Site HarperCollins Dictionary. Add this:. For example: John 3 refers to the book of John, chapter 3.

    Book structure as it is found in the Dead Sea Scrolls.

    John or John 3. John —16 or John 3. Sometimes the simple patterns shown above do not allow for sufficient precision, so more complex references are necessary, using the following conventions: A number preceding a colon or period is a chapter number.

    Numbering the Bible is a relatively recent invention in the history of Sacred Scripture.

    A number following a colon or period is a verse number. A list of numbers separated by semicolons is usually a list of chapters, whereas a list of numbers separated by commas is normally a list of verses. A number standing alone after a book name is a chapter number, unless the book has only one chapter, in which case it is a verse number. The following examples put these conventions into practice: Gen 12—25 refers to the book of Genesis, chapters 12 through Gen — refers to the book of Genesis, chapter 11, verse 26 through chapter 25, verse Gen 15; 17 refers to Genesis, chapter 15 and chapter